- (Neh. 1:11b), attests to a cupbearer at court as late as the Persian period. An Aramaic inscription of the ninth century B.C.E. consisting of the word lšqy' ("belonging to the cupbearer"), has been found on a large stone jar at Ein Gev. It is assumed that lšqy' is the honorific title of a dignitary or royal official at the court of Ben-Hadad II or Hazael. The word was probably an imitation of such Assyrian titles as šāqû, or rab-šāqê, which denote an important official at the royal court. The title rab-šāqê appears in the Bible as rab-shakeh , Sennacherib's chief cup-bearer (II Kings 18:17ff.; Isa. 36:2ff.). That such a title could be honorary and also connected with practical duties is apparent from the context of II Kings 18:17–19 and Isaiah 36:2 where the Assyrian rab-šāqê challenges Hezekiah king of Israel. Assyrian palace reliefs indicate the importance of the cupbearer in relation to the king's other servants. Representations in pictorial art and literary sources show that cupbearers also existed at the courts of the various kings of Canaan. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Mazar et al., in: IEJ, 14 (1964), 27–28.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cupbearer — Cup bear er ( b[^a]r [ e]r), n. 1. One whose office it is to fill and hand the cups at an entertainment. [1913 Webster] 2. (Antiq.) One of the attendants of a prince or noble, permanently charged with the performance of this office for his master … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
cupbearer — [kup′ber΄ər] n. a person who fills and serves the wine cups, as in a king s palace … English World dictionary
cupbearer — noun One whose profession in general, or role in a particular event, is to carry a cup. For I was the kings cupbearer. Nehemiah 1:11 … Wiktionary
cupbearer — noun Date: 15th century one who has the duty of filling and handing around the cups in which wine is served … New Collegiate Dictionary
cupbearer — /kup bair euhr/, n. a servant who fills and serves wine cups, as in a royal palace or at an elaborate banquet. [1375 1425; ME cuppe berer. See CUP, BEARER] * * * … Universalium
cupbearer — n. person who fills and serves wineglasses … English contemporary dictionary
cupbearer — cup•bear•er [[t]ˈkʌpˌbɛər ər[/t]] n. a servant who fills and serves wine cups, as in a royal palace • Etymology: 1375–1425 … From formal English to slang
cupbearer — /ˈkʌpbɛərə/ (say kupbairruh) noun an attendant who fills and hands the cups in which drink is served … Australian English dictionary
cupbearer — n. a person who serves wine, esp. an officer of a royal or noble household … Useful english dictionary
Offices in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth — This article discusses the organizational and administrative structure of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth The Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth ( Nobility Commonwealth or Commonwealth of Both Nations , in Polish: Rzeczpospolita… … Wikipedia